One view is that we all carry what Augustine called “original sin.” This would mean that even children carry the full load of Adam’s sin. For which they will have to bear the consequences. This, for many, doesn’t seem fair.
However, there is another view.
The other view, from the Athanasian school, which precedes Augustine, is that Adam bears the guilt of his own sin and humanity only has to live in a world that participates in the deadly consequences of his sin.
We are not responsible for his sin, but we are born into a broken world that Adam initiated.
This means each of us is prone to sin because of the circumstances of death and destruction initiated by Adam.
In this view we are all born into a world of inescapable accumulated sin. And since Adam, each one of us is contributing to this mess.
By this rendering of the fall, infants are not born carrying Adam’s sin for no fault of theirs. And they haven’t contributed to the mess Adam initiated. So hell is out of question for children who die.
Rather, like Jesus said, unless you become like one of these little children, you will not enter the Kingdom of heaven.
What do you think?